Freckles are flat, circular small spots of melanin on human skin in people of fair complexion. The spots develop randomly on the skin, especially after repeated exposure to sunlight. They may vary in color – they may be red, yellow, tan, light-brown, brown, or black. They are usually more often seen in the summer. Both men and women get freckles at an equal rate.
There are two basic types of freckles – ephelides and lentigines. Ephelides, are flat red or light-brown spots that typically appear during the sunny months and fade in the winter. Lentigines, are small tan, brown, or black spots which tend to be darker than an ephelis-type freckle and which do not fade in the winter.
Freckles are most commonly found on the face , although they may appear on any skin exposed to the sun. Freckles are rare among infants in but are very common among children aged 5 to 15 years. They are usually less common on adults.
Some Common Causes of Freckle are as:
Treatments of Freckles:
The effective treatments for freckles are as:
Bleaching Creams – The use of hydroquinone and kojic acid are one of the beneficial treatment for freckles. They may help in lightning freckles if they are applied consistently over a period of months.
Cryosurgery: A light freeze with liquid nitrogen can be used to treat freckles.
Chemical Peels: Chemical peels are used to remove age spots, freckles, discoloration, wrinkles and fine lines. They generally help to make the skin smooth and firm and also help in curing freckles gradually.
Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL): IPL is one of the newer forms of facial rejuvenation. IPL delivers energy to both the superficial (epidermis) and deep (dermis) layers of the skin, the epidermis is spared from damage. Thus, there is virtually no recovery time or down time
Tretinoin: Tretinoin (vitamin A acid, Retin-A) also helps to make freckles lighter when applied over a period of time.
Laser Treatment: Freckle can be removed with lasers. The laser light is very effective and helps in eliminating freckles safely but takes multiple sittings. Q-switch laser has been found to be very effective.
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